Onur Simsek 


Rethinking Courtyard Housing in Sarajevo

The courtyard was brought to Bosnia by the Ottoman empire in the 16th Century and developed further than in many other Arab countries. The courtyard became a label of the oriental architecture in Sarajevo. After four hundred years under Ottoman rule Bosnia experienced a dramatic crossover from the Islamic-Ottoman civilisation to the Western-European, which set the imperative to modernize Bosnia and Herzegovina by basing its development on industrialisation, market economy and modern bureaucratic state apparatus. A clean break with the past executed. The construction of the far biggest residential block with 8000 inhabitants began. Sarajevo, the city of private courtyards and gardens, became a stage of the modern utopia. The dense city. 

After having realised the problems of the dense city, this project aims to revitalise the idea of the Mahala, which consisted about 40-50 houses and enabled to live as a community. Furhter it rethinks and adapts the theme privacy to our time and transports the graduation from public to private in the bosnian groundplan to an urban scale and opens the closed traditional courtyard cluster, in order to create a diversity of courtyards, which regulate the living culture as a community.